Suggested Readings

General

Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy, 6th Edition
Mark Lowenthal (2015)

Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence
Abram N. Shulsky and Gary J. Schmitt (2002)


Recent History and Counterterrorism

Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2011
Steve Coll (2004)

The Looming Tower: Al-Qaida and the Road to 9/11
Lawrence Wright (2007)

88 Days to Kandahar: A CIA Diary
Robert L. Grenier (2015)

Playing to the Edge: American Intelligence in the Age of Terror
Michael V. Hayden (2016)

At the Center of the Storm: My Years at the CIA
George Tenet (2007)

Company Man: Thirty Years of Controversy and Crisis in the CIA
John Rizzo (2014)

The Art of Intelligence: Lessons from a Life in the CIA’s Clandestine Service
Henry A. Crumpton (2012)

Blind Spot: The Secret History of American Counterterrorism
Tim Naftali (2005)


Intelligence Failure and Analysis

Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision
Roberta Wohlstetter (1962)

Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge and Power in American National Security
Richard K. Betts (2007)

Why Intelligence Fails: Lessons from the Iranian Revolution and the Iraq War
Robert Jervis (2010)

The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail – But Some Don’t
Nate Silver (2012)

The Psychology of Intelligence Analysis
Richards J. Heuer, Jr. (2007)


Structure, Reform, and Oversight

pdfThe 9/11 Commission Report

Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC
Amy Zegart (1999)

Blinking Red: Crisis and Compromise in American Intelligence after 9/11
Michael Allen (2013)

Intelligence and National Security in American Society
LBJ Policy Research Project, Report #189 (2016)


Espionage, Counterintelligence, and Ethics

The Billion Dollar Spy: A True Story of Cold War Espionage and Betrayal
David E. Hoffman (2015)

The Good Spy: The Life and Death of Robert Ames
Kai Bird (2014)

A Spy Among Friends: Kim Philby and the Great Betrayal
Ben Macintyre (2014)

Spying in America: Espionage from the Revolutionary War to the Dawn of the Cold War
Michael Sulick (2012)

American Spies: Espionage Against the United State from the Cold War to the Present
Michael Sulick (2013)

Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games
Tennent H. Bagley (2007)

Spies, Patriots, and Traitors: American Intelligence in the Revolutionary War
Kenneth A. Daigler (2014)

Fair Play: The Moral Dilemmas of Spying
James Olson (2006)

Double Cross: The True Story of the D-Day Spies
Ben Macintyre (2012)


Cyber, Military, and Technical Intelligence

@War: The Rise of the Military-Internet Complex
Shane Harris (2012)

The Admirals’ Advantage: U.S. Navy Operational Intelligence in World War II and the Cold War
Christopher Ford and David Rosenberg (2005)


Covert Action

Charlie Wilson’s War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History
George Crile (2003)

Secret and Sanctioned: Covert Operations and the American Presidency
Stephen F. Knott (1996)

Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secret Wars and the Surprising Use of American Power
David E. Sanger (2012)

Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA, 1981-1987
Bob Woodward (1987)


History

For the President’s Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush
Christopher Andrew (1995)

The Very Best Men: The Daring Early Years of the CIA
Evan Thomas (1995)

Honorable Treachery: A History of U.S. Intelligence, Espionage, and Covert Action from the American Revolution to the CIA
G. J. A. O’Toole (2014)

The President’s Book of Secrets: The Untold Story of Intelligence Briefings to America’s Presidents from Kennedy to Obama
David Priess (2016)

Cloak and Gown: Scholars in America’s Secret War
Robin W. Winks (1987)

Battle of Wits: The Complete Story of Codebreaking in World War II
Stephen Budiansky (2000)


Foreign Services

Spies Against Armageddon: Inside Israel’s Secret Wars, 2nd Edition
Dan Raviv and Yossi Melman (2014)

The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB
Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin (1999)

KGB: The Inside Story of its Foreign Operations from Lenin to Gorbachev
Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky (1991)

STASI: The Untold Story of the East German Secret Police
John O. Koehler (1999)

The Secret History of MI-6
Keith Jeffrey (2010)

Defend the Realm: The Authorized History of MI-5
Christopher Andrew (2009)